Department of Environmental Monitoring Systems Development

The main focus area of the Department is radioecological monitoring of aquatic environment
The quality of water bodies is evaluated using up-to-date sampling and analytical equipment.
  • radioactively contaminated and adjacent areas.
  • Quality control of objects of water use by radiation sign in venues of economic activities and in territories of residential complexes.
  • Determination of general chemical water composition in different objects of water – natural lakes, rivers, creeks, springs, wells, boreholes.
Determination of formation mechanisms of surface and ground water, radionuclide contamination sources, carrying out an isotopic analysis of atmospheric precipitation and water applying an isotope hydrology technique. The technique is based on determination of water 18О/2Н stable isotope ratios using a LGR 912-0008 laser isotope analyzer.
Geological engineering surveys
  • Carrying out a range of hydrogeological research (flow speed, flow rate, level of surface water, flow direction, discharge and filtration factors) into ground water.
  • Performing geological engineering surveys including soil and water sampling with drilling operations, down to 70 m and 100 m for auger-type and air-hammer drilling.
Quality assessment of atmospheric air
  • Determination of the content of natural and man-made radionuclides in atmospheric air.
  • Identification of climatic factors that affect air contamination.
  • Research into regularities of migration processes of radionuclides in air.
  • Determination of tritium content in air environment of territories exposed to radiation hazardous sites.
Research into hazardous natural and technogenic processes
  • Research into signs of lasting destructive processes running in venues of underground nuclear tests in the STS territory.
  • Field and in vitro research into the content of harmful organic substances and gases in water and atmospheric air.
  • Modelling distribution of radioactive contamination in air and aquatic environment.
  • Development of quality assurance programs in radiation safety for activities performed by third parties in the territory of Semipalatinsk Test Site.
Radiation safety for economic activities is assured in order to comply with “Regulations for activity licensing in territories of the former nuclear test sites and other areas contaminated as a result of nuclear blasts”. All of the types of activities in the STS territory have to be performed with a compulsory radioecological support.
Research into hazardous natural and technogenic processes
  • Radiation monitoring of air and aquatic environment, daylight surface.
  • Radiometric measurements of vehicles and equipment.
  • Dosimetric control of personnel involved in economic activities.